Monday, August 21, 2017

FULL SPEECH: President Donald Trump Addresses Nation on U.S. Policy in Afghanistan 8/21/17

WATCH: President Donald Trump Addresses Nation on U.S. Policy in Afghanistan - President Trump address on U.S. policy in Afghanistan and South Asia. - More

FULL SPEECH: President Donald Trump Addresses Nation ... - YouTube

Full Transcript and Video: Trump’s Speech on Afghanistan - nytimes

President Trump addressed the nation on Monday from Fort Myer military base in Arlington, Va., to lay out his military plans for Afghanistan.

Following is the full transcript of those remarks, as released by the Federal News Service.

I arrived at three fundamental conclusion about America’s core interests in Afghanistan. First, our nation must seek an honorable and enduring outcome worthy of the tremendous sacrifices that have been made, especially the sacrifices of lives. The men and women who serve our nation in combat deserve a plan for victory. They deserve the tools they need and the trust they have earned to fight and to win.

Second, the consequences of a rapid exit are both predictable and unacceptable. 9/11, the worst terrorist attack in our history, was planned and directed from Afghanistan because that country was ruled by a government that gave comfort and shelter to terrorists.

Third, and finally, I concluded that the security threats we face in Afghanistan and the broader region are immense. Today, 20 U.S.-designated foreign terrorist organizations are active in Afghanistan and Pakistan, the highest concentration in any region anywhere in the world.

For its part, Pakistan often gives safe haven to agents of chaos, violence and terror. The threat is worse because Pakistan and India are two nuclear-armed states whose tense relations threaten to spiral into conflict. And that could happen.

America will continue its support for the Afghan government and the Afghan military as they confront the Taliban in the field. Ultimately, it is up to the people of Afghanistan to take ownership of their future, to govern their society and to achieve an everlasting peace. We are a partner and a friend, but we will not dictate to the Afghan people how to live or how to govern their own complex society. We are not nation-building again. We are killing terrorists.

America will work with the Afghan government as long as we see determination and progress. However, our commitment is not unlimited, and our support is not a blank check. The government of Afghanistan must carry their share of the military, political, and economic burden.

The American people expect to see real reforms, real progress and real results. Our patience is not unlimited. We will keep our eyes open. In abiding by the oath I took on Jan. 20, I will remain steadfast in protecting American lives and American interests. 

In this effort, we will make common cause with any nation that chooses to stand and fight alongside us against this global threat. Terrorists take heed: America will never let up until you are dealt a lasting defeat. -  Read More

Full Transcript and Video: Trump's Speech on Afghanistan

For further coverage of his remarks, read more »

Donald Trump full address on Afghanistan strategy

U.S. President Donald Trump lays out his plans for the U.S. military's role in Afghanistan. - More

Donald Trump announced new strategy in Afghanistan

Watch: Trump's Speech On Afghanistan, Transcript And Analysis : NPR

I am here tonight to lay out our path forward in Afghanistan and South Asia. But before I provide the details of our new strategy, I want to say a few words to the service members here with us tonight, to those watching from their posts, and to all Americans listening at home. Since the founding of our republic, our country has produced a special class of heroes whose selflessness, courage, and resolve is unmatched in human history.

American patriots from every generation have given their last breath on the battlefield - for our nation and for our freedom. Through their lives, and though their lives were cut short, in their deeds they achieved total immortality. By following the heroic example of those who fought to preserve our republic, we can find the inspiration our country needs to unify, to heal and to remain one nation under God. The men and women of our military operate as one team, with one shared mission and one shared sense of purpose.

As we send our bravest to defeat our enemies overseas, and we will always win, let us find the courage to heal our divisions within. Let us make a simple promise to the men and women we ask to fight in our name, that when they return home from battle, they will find a country that has renewed the sacred bonds of love and loyalty that unite us together as one.

Thanks to the vigilance and skill of the American military, and of our many allies throughout the world, horrors on the scale of September 11, and nobody can ever forget that, have not been repeated on our shores. But we must acknowledge the reality I am here to talk about tonight, that nearly 16 years after September 11 attacks, after the extraordinary sacrifice of blood and treasure, the American people are weary of war without victory.

Nowhere is this more evident than with the war in Afghanistan, the longest war in American history - 17 years. I share the American people's frustration. I also share their frustration over a foreign policy that has spent too much time, energy, money, and most importantly, lives trying to rebuild countries in our own image instead of pursuing our security interests above all other considerations. That is why shortly after my inauguration, I directed Secretary of Defense Mattis and my national security team to undertake a comprehensive review of all strategic options in Afghanistan and South Asia.

My original instinct was to pull out, and historically I like following my instincts. But all my life, I have heard that decisions are much different when you sit behind the desk in the oval office. In other words, when you are president of the United States. So I studied Afghanistan in great detail and from every conceivable angle. After many meetings over many months, we held our final meeting last Friday at Camp David with my cabinet and generals to complete our strategy. I arrived at three fundamental conclusion about America's core interests in Afghanistan.

First, our nation must seek an honorable and enduring outcome worthy of the tremendous sacrifices that have been made, especially the sacrifices of lives. The men and women who serve our nation in combat deserve a plan for victory. They deserve the tools they need and the trust they have earned to fight and to win.

Second, the consequences of a rapid exit are both predictable and unacceptable. 9/11, the worst terrorist attack in our history, was planned and directed from Afghanistan because that country was ruled by a government that gave comfort and shelter to terrorists. A hasty withdrawal would create a vacuum that terrorists, including ISIS and al Qaeda, would instantly fill, just as happened before September 11. And as we know, in 2011, America hastily and mistakenly withdrew from Iraq.

Third and finally, I concluded that the security threats we face in Afghanistan and the broader region are immense. Today, 20 U.S.-designated foreign terrorist organizations are active in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The highest concentration in any region anywhere in the world. For its part, Pakistan often gives safe haven to agents of chaos, violence and terror. The threat is worse because Pakistan and India are two nuclear-armed states, whose tense relations threaten to spiral into conflict, and that could happen. - Read More

Watch: Trump's Speech On Afghanistan, Transcript And Analysis 

'We Are Not Nation-Building Again,' Trump Says While Unveiling Afghanistan Strategy

Trump Doesn't Want the Same Old Options from the Pentagon on Afghanistan - Daniel R. DePetris

What does a country do when its military has been fighting a conflict half-way around the world for over a decade and a half, supporting a host government so corrupted internally, disorganized politically, and at a very real risk of collapsing completely without continuous international military and financial support? The United States is in exactly that predicament with respect to its never ending mission in Afghanistan, a nation whose political leadership never misses an opportunity to quarrel with each other and make a mistake.

One can say a lot of things about how Donald Trump has conducted himself as president of the United States. His management of the Oval Office is less to be desired. His propensity to use escalatory rhetoric, like his infamous “fire and fury” comment directed at North Korea, oftentimes make a fragile situation worse.

But what you can't do is blame Trump for demanding additional options from his national security team for what to do in Afghanistan—even if one of those options involves outsourcing the war effort to former Blackwater CEO Erik Prince and his private army of ex special forces soldiers.

If salvaging the war in Afghanistan was easy, the policy debate would be have been over by now. U.S. Commander John Nicholson and National Security Adviser H. R. McMaster would get their 4,000–5,000 additional troops, a more expansive list of targets, looser rules of engagement, and an unconditional amount of time to turn the country's security situation around. The United States, in effect, would be relying on the status-quo war strategy that Washington has followed for years; the only difference would be the amount of resources field commanders are able to tap into.

But, of course, Afghanistan isn't easy. If it were easy, Afghanistan would be the crown jewel of Central Asia.  Instead, the Taliban insurgency is the strongest it has ever been since the war began controlling or contesting nearly 40 percent of the country, whose pockets are flush with money made from taxing poppy farmers, and with a house across the border in western Pakistan that U.S. forces—and the Pakistanis themselves—can't or won't touch. To his credit, Trump doesn't want the same old options from the Pentagon, which is why he refused to sign on to McMaster's request for more troops earlier in the spring.

Erik Prince, the controversial CEO who built one of the world's most powerful private security contracting firms, is stepping into the breach and offering his own proposal. Through op-ed's in the Wall Street Journal and USA Today, in television interviews on CNN and CBS, and with meetings with White House officials, the former Blackwater honcho is pushing for a wholesale privatization of the war.

While Prince has kept the details of his plan under wraps, what has been leaked out or released is quite similar to what McMaster has been advocating. The only difference, of course, is that contractors would be doing the job instead of U.S. troops. More than 5,000 contractors would do the training, advising, and equipping of the Afghan national security forces so the U.S. Army and Marine Corps could gradually withdraw their personnel from the mess that is Afghanistan. Prince's strategy would also include a private fleet of combat aircraft that would provide Kabul with a reliable logistical system to transport troops and equipment off the battlefield and wounded troops to hospitals—functions instrumental in a war zone but impossible for the Afghans to do on their own. The contractors would spread out across all of Afghanistan's ninety-plus battalions, working much closer to the fighting. So close, in fact, that Prince's men would formally be brought into the Afghan army, wear Afghan uniforms and take orders from Afghan commanders.

Could such a proposal work? Defense Secretary James Mattis, McMaster, and everybody who has studied or has first-hand experience with Blackwater's past track record in Iraq and Afghanistan—one that included massive misuse of taxpayer dollars, killing of civilians during convoy duty, drinking heavily while storing weapons and ammunition in their rooms, and stealing and crashing $180,000 vehicles into barricades on base—believe it's such a big mistake that Prince should be kicked off the White House grounds. 

Indeed, it's hard to argue why Washington should give Prince another chance when his employees ran wild and even threatened to kill a State Department employee performing an inspection. The September 2007 killing of fourteen Iraqi civilians at a traffic circle in Baghdad by Blackwater employees (this month, an appellate court ruled that three out of four Blackwater contractors who were convicted of manslaughter should be granted new sentences) is never far from people's' minds. If the Trump administration were to seriously consider Prince’s proposal, it would need to make sure that the mistakes and blunders of the past are nipped in the bud; there must be a series of accountability measures that reprimand, fire, or prosecute contractors who go off the reservation or commit abuses against civilians. There should also be a debate about whether U.S. taxpayers should pick up the $10 billion price tag for such an operation—if the mission is crafted to assist the Afghan army in the field, that is to the benefit of the entire NATO coalition and should therefore be financed be financed more evenly across the board.

Why the Afghan government would even allow contractors to embed with their soldiers after such a rocky history is anybody's guess. Deciding to do so wouldn't be a great political move for Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, whose political support is already eroding due to series of terrorist attacks in Kabul. - More

نود و هشتمین سالگرد استقالل افغانستان - ولی احمد نوری

اصطالح استقالل مفهومی در برابر اصطالح استعمار و اسارت کشور استقالل چیست؟ اساسا و دولت بیگانه را می ً رساند، ولی نیروی پیدایش و رشد استقالل را نمی شود همواره با کینه ورزی زیر نام امپریالیزم و یا در مقابل فرد و گروه مخالف داخلی بکار برد، زیرا کینه توزی بیشتر ایجاد ضعف روانی می کند و عواطف بارور و مثبت ما را فلج و مسموم می سازد.

استقالل که همان به خود آمدن باشد، احتیاج به قوای مثبت و سازنده دارد و تنها با دوری خود از دیگران و دشمنی ورزیدن با دیگران حاصل نمی شود. درست است که ملت افغانستان در گذشتۀ تأریخی وهم درحال با دشمنان سر سخت داخلی و خارجی مواجه بوده که البته مبارزه با آنها یک تالش مداوم و ریشه ای را ایجاب می کند و جهت مبارزه سالم قبل از هر چیز نیرومند ساختن مردم بخصوص نیروی جوان کشور برای تفکر است. مردم فقط در اثر خود اندیشی و آگاهی است که به مفهوم آزادی، استقالل و رشد و ترقی اقتصادی، فرهنگی، سیاسی و غیره پی برده در ساخت و ساز کشور از دل و جان سهم می گیرد.

اینک با این تعریف مختصر نود و هشتمین سالگرد استقالل افغانستان عزیز را به همه هموطنان نجیب، با شهامت و عاشق آزادی در سراسر کشور دوست داشتنی ما افغانستان زیبا، مبارک باد عرض می کنم و به روان آن راد مردان بزرگی از این سرزمین باستان که پوز همه متجاوزان و دشمنان وطن را به خاک مالیده و از کشور شیران دور انداخته اند با افتخار رسم تعظیم دارم.

 جاویدان باد یاد اعلیحضرت امان هللا خان که برای حصول استقالل افغانستان قدم عملی گذاشتند و آرزو و درخواست رسمی و جدی پدر تاجدار شان را در مورد شناختن استقالل افغانستان که از پادشاه انگلستان نموده بودند در ساحۀ 1 عمل پیاده کردند.) ( و جاویدان باد نام نامی سپهساالر غازی جنرال محمد نادر خان و عساکر شیر صفت و سپاه جان نثارنش که در جبهات گرم جنگ و آتش و خون در " وانه و تل" در کوهـساران "خیبر" با ابر قدرت زمان که گویند آفتاب در سرزمینش غروب نمی کرد، برای حصول آزادی مردم افغانستان و استقالل کشور بزرگ ما جنگیدند و زن و مرد، طفل و جوان و سنگ و چوب آن وطن به یاد آن روز، روز شکست سپاه برتانیۀ کبیر و حصول آزادی و استقالل شان فخر می کنند و به خود و به آن راد مردان مبارز جنگ استقالل می بالند و این رویداد بزرگ تأریخی را به احفاد خود انتقال می دهند تا نسل های آینده از آن اندرز گرفته و انتباه گیرند تا از کشور نازنین و از آن میهن عنبرین، به خون و جان خود دفاع کنند، و به عقابانی که بیرق افغانستان آزاد را بر کوه پایه های خیبر به اهتزاز درآوردند بیاندیشند. - Read More
ولی احمد نوری 
نود و هشتمین سالگرد استقلال افغانستان مبارک باد

احسان الله مایار 
نود و هشتمین سالگرد جشن استقلال

آریانا افغانستان آنلاین Ariana Afghanistan Online: Hom

Trump Expected To Order 4,000 More Troops To Afghanistan

President Trump is expected to deploy about 4,000 more troops to Afghanistan and try to tighten expectations on its government and that of neighboring Pakistan, senior U.S. officials tell NPR.

Trump is scheduled to deliver a speech on Monday night outside Washington in which he announces his decision, which follows months of deliberation with top U.S. commanders, political advisers and even enlisted veterans of the nearly 16-year war.

Trump is not expected to include any end date to the stepped-up American presence, the way President Barack Obama did when he announced a surge in troops there.

When asked how long the U.S. presence could remain in Afghanistan, a senior U.S. official responded, rhetorically, "How long have we been in Korea?"

U.S. troops have been posted south of the Demilitarized Zone since the end of hostilities there in 1953. U.S. forces have been fighting in Afghanistan since the 2001 invasion that followed the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks. - Read More, NPR

Trump Expected To Order 4,000 More Troops To Afghanistan

Live Coverage: Follow The Solar Eclipse - NPR

A total solar eclipse has made its way from Oregon to South Carolina. Fourteen states were in the path of total darkness. See highlights from the astronomical phenomenon’s journey across America below. The map reflects the time zone you’re in. -  Read More

Live Coverage: Follow The Solar Eclipse 

Saturday, August 19, 2017

At stake in US military efforts to stabilize Afghanistan: At least $3 trillion in natural resources

  • The U.S. has spent upwards of $700 billion on Afghanistan's war, and the Trump administration is hoping to recoup some of that via its vast mineral wealth.
  • An Afghan spokesperson told CNBC that Trump's attention to the country could be a 'strategic win-win' for both.
  • A recent study pegged natural resources in the country as worth at least $3 trillion, but the Taliban remains a key hurdle to any development efforts.
As President Donald Trump recently declared the U.S. is "getting very close" to a strategy aimed at turning the tide of Afghanistan's prolonged and bloody conflict, there's more at stake than just military victory.

The Trump administration is under increasing pressure to sway the course of the war, which has claimed the lives of more than 2,000 U.S. soldiers and left at least 20,000 wounded. "We must face facts; we are losing in Afghanistan, and time is of the essence if we intend to turn the tide," Sen. John McCain said this month, after announcing he would introduce a new Afghan strategy.

Since 2001, the U.S. has spent an estimated $714 billion in war and reconstruction in Afghanistan, according to the Pentagon's Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) July report. That comes to about $3.9 billion a month to run the Afghan war.

Trump is seeking a military win in Afghanistan, but American efforts there may yet reap financial gains. Afghanistan possesses rare minerals crucial for industrial manufacturing, including copper, gold, uranium and fossil fuels — making the country ripe for development that can boost the economy and fund its reconstruction. In a partial survey conducted by the Afghan Ministry of Mines and Petroleum, the country's mineral wealth is estimated at $3 trillion, more than enough to compensate for the war's cost. - Read More, CNBC

نود و هشتمین سالروز استقلال افغانستان؛ گل گذاری بر منار استقلال

محمد اشرف غنی، رئیس جمهوری افغانستان امروز ۲۸ اسد/مرداد، در مراسم گرامی‌داشت از نود و هشتمین سالروز استقلال افغانستان بر پای منار استقلال در صحن وزارت دفاع این کشور گل گذاشت. - More

نود و هشتمین سالروز استقلال افغانستان؛ گل گذاری بر منار استقلال ...

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اشرف غنی: زمان تکمیل کردن فصل تاریخی شاه ‌امان‌الله است - BBC Persia

Trump says ‘decisions made’ on Afghanistan strategy - washingtonpost

President Trump on Saturday indicated his administration has settled on a course of action to move forward in the U.S. war in Afghanistan, but he offered no details a day after meeting with top advisers at Camp David.

The administration is weighing plans to send an additional 3,800 troops to Afghanistan amid concerns among military leaders that the international coalition and Afghan government forces are losing ground against the Taliban and al-Qaeda. The United States has 8,400 troops on the ground, primarily to train and assist local forces as America's longest war grinds through its 16th year.

Trump met with more than a dozen aides, including Defense Secretary Jim Mattis and Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, at Camp David to discuss the administration's strategy in the region, including Pakistan and India.

The president did not make public remarks after the meeting. In a statement, White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders said Friday that Trump had been “briefed extensively” and was “studying and considering his options.”

Trump “will make an announcement to the American people, to our allies and partners, and to the world at the appropriate time,” Sanders said. - Read More

Trump says ‘decisions made’ on Afghanistan strategy

Thursday, August 17, 2017

UN rights experts warn new EU policy on boat rescues will cause more people to drown

17 August 2017 – The European Union's new policy on Mediterranean Sea rescues threatens life and breaches international standards, two United Nations independent human experts today cautioned.

“The EU's proposed new action plan, including a code of conduct for organizations operating rescue boats, threatens life and breaches international standards by condemning people to face further human rights violations in Libya,” said the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, Felipe González Morales, and the Special Rapporteur on torture, Nils Melzer.

“The solution is not to restrict access to international waters or firing weapons to threaten boats, as Libya has reportedly done repeatedly. This will result in more deaths of migrants at sea and is in contravention of the obligation to rescue people in distress,” the experts added.

The code – drawn up by Italy with support from the European Commission – aims to stop privately-operated ships ferrying refugees to safety in Italy from waters off the Libyan coast.

It is part of a new plan to support Italy and reduce the pressure of migrant arrivals.

Earlier this week, the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, Agnes Callamard, also had harsh words for the proposed change, saying the code of conduct and the overall plan “suggest that Italy, the European Commission and EU Member States deem the risks and reality of deaths at sea a price worth paying in order to deter migrants and refugees.” -  Read More

UN rights experts warn new EU policy on boat rescues will cause more people to drown

Opinions: A new, winning strategy for Trump in Afghanistan - washingtonpost

Stephen J. Hadley was national security adviser to President George W. Bush.

After 16 years of sacrifice in Afghanistan, President Trump is right to ask why we are there and what does it take to win.

The United States has vital national interests in Afghanistan. Since 9/11, preventing another terrorist attack on the U.S. homeland has remained our key objective. While the cost in lives and treasure has been too high, this objective has largely been achieved. But it has required a sustained U.S. troop presence, the active participation of our NATO allies and a close partnership with the Afghan government.

If the Trump administration now opts to draw down U.S. military forces, the NATO allies would go home and the Afghan state would likely collapse. The result would be a victory for the terrorists. It would undo the Trump administration’s recent success against the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, and provide the Islamic State a haven in Afghanistan from which to foment attacks on the United States.

Instead, the Trump administration can deliver another major blow against terrorism. The Islamic State and al-Qaeda seek to expand their presence in Afghanistan, but virtually none of the Afghan groups — including the Taliban — support them. They can be defeated in Afghanistan just as they are being pushed out of Iraq and Syria. This natural extension of the Iraq/Syria campaign would help consolidate the victory against the Islamic State. But it will require U.S. counterterrorism forces to continue operating alongside Afghan security forces.

The challenge will then be to preserve the victory and help the Afghan people stabilize their country so that the Islamic State and al-Qaeda do not return. This can be done with a political/diplomatic strategy that seeks an inclusive settlement among all Afghan political factions while creating a more legitimate, popularly supported government that addresses the conflict’s root causes.

There has been some progress. Afghan President Ashraf Ghani is committed to reform. The Afghan defense forces are bravely fighting at tremendous cost. But the Afghan government must boost its legitimacy by broadening its base of popular support, fighting corruption and ensuring credible presidential elections in 2019. Continued U.S. support must be conditioned on these steps.

The big question is what to do about the Taliban. The answer: Test its interest in peace.

Defeating terrorist groups that threaten the United States does not include or require defeating the Taliban. The United States and NATO must make clear that they will fully support an Afghan-led political settlement involving all sectors of Afghan society — including the Taliban

To give the Afghan government, military forces and society the confidence to enter into such a process, the Trump administration should authorize the modest increase in U.S. and NATO troop levels  recommended by the local U.S. commander. The Afghan government can then credibly tell the Taliban that it will pay a heavy price for continuing to fight, but is welcome to participate in a political settlement.

This new strategy will require U.S. leadership in two additional respects. - Read More

Wednesday, August 16, 2017

How Eclipses Changed History

Newton and Einstein had big ideas, but needed an eclipse to prove them. And scientists are still pursuing secrets of the universe one eclipse at a time. - More

How Eclipses Changed History

Trump to tackle Afghanistan strategy at Camp David | TheHill

President Trump is headed to Camp David on Friday, where he will meet with his national security team to discuss the strategy on the war in Afghanistan, the White House announced Wednesday.

Vice President Pence, who was in South America as of Wednesday, will cut his trip short so he can join Trump at Camp David.

Pence had originally been scheduled to return to the United States Friday afternoon but will leave South America late Thursday instead.

The administration is working to develop a new strategy for the 16-year war in Afghanistan, the nation’s longest conflict. The strategy is expected to include how the United States will address the neighboring country of Pakistan, and whether 3,000 to 5,000 additional troops are needed to combat the Taliban, the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, and al Qaeda in the region.

About 8,400 U.S. troops are currently in Afghanistan.
Defense Secretary James Mattis on Monday told reporters at the Pentagon that the president is “very close” to making a decision on the strategy.
“We’re sharpening each one of the options so you can see the pluses and minuses of each one so that there’s no longer any new data you’re going to get. Now [he can] just make the decision,” Mattis said.

When asked whether the options included a plan to use contracted security forces in place of sending more troops, Mattis confirmed that it’s “part of the options being considered.”

“The president is open to the advice of the secretary of State and myself and the director of the CIA,” Mattis added.

Blackwater Worldwide founder Erik Prince — the brother of Education Secretary Betsy DeVos — and DynCorp owner Stephen Feinberg last month offered proposals to White House officials to use contractors instead of U.S. military forces in Afghanistan. - More

Trump to tackle Afghanistan strategy at Camp David | TheHill

Tuesday, August 15, 2017

A 6,000-year-old Vimana found by 8 US Soldiers Disappeared in Afghanistan Cave?

According to several reports, in 2012 8 soldiers allegedly participated in a top-secret mission in the desert of Afghanistan. Inside a cave, a Vimana or at least parts of the vimana were found. - More

A 6,000-year-old Vimana found by 8 US Soldiers Disappeared in ...

President Donald Trump Speech on Infrastructure Executive Order & Charlottesville 8/15/17

President Donald Trump Speech on Infrastructure Executive Order & Charlottesville 8/15/17 - More

Afghan Taliban warns Trump against sending in more troops

KABUL (Reuters) - The Taliban told U.S. President Donald Trump in an open letter on Tuesday that the military situation in Afghanistan was "far worse than you realize", and sending in more troops would be self-destructive.

A senior Taliban official told Reuters the rare decision to address Trump directly was timed to coincide with the president's deliberations on the future of U.S. policy in Afghanistan.

"Previous experiences have shown that sending more troops to Afghanistan will not result in anything other than further destruction of American military and economical might," the Taliban said in the lengthy English-language letter.

It criticized the Afghan government as "stooges", "lying, corrupt leaders" and "repulsive sellouts" who were providing Washington with "rosy pictures" of the military position.

The Taliban, seeking to restore Islamic rule, has waged an increasingly violent insurgency against the Western-backed Afghan government since losing power in a U.S.-led invasion after the Sept. 11 attacks in 2001. Those attacks were planned by al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden from a base in Afghanistan.

"The war situation in Afghanistan is far worse than you realize!" the letter said, arguing that the only thing preventing the Taliban from seizing major cities was a fear of causing civilian casualties.

The senior U.S. commander in Afghanistan, General John Nicholson, has requested several thousand additional troops to act as advisers to the struggling Afghan security forces. Influential voices including Republican Senator John McCain have also urged an "enduring" U.S. military presence in Afghanistan. - More, Reuters

Afghan Taliban warns Trump against sending in more troops

ملل متحد: ۱۹۳ هزار افغان در سال جاری آواره شده‌اند

اداره هماهنگی کمک‌های بشری سازمان ملل متحد برای افغانستان (اوچا) در گزارش جدیدش گفته است که از ماه جنوری تا جولای سال جاری میلادی ۱۹۳ هزار تن در نتیجه جنگ آواره شده‌اند.
این گزارش نشان  می‌دهد که تنها در یک هفته گذشته ۱۰۰۰۰ نفر از خانه‌های شان آواره شده‌اند. براساس این گزارش بیجاشدگی و فرار از جنگ در ۱۷۴ ولسوالی افغانستان اتفاق افتاده است.

دفتر هماهنگی کمک‌های بشری ملل متحد در کابل در پاسخ به ایمیل خبرنگار دویچه وله گفته است که کندز بیشترین آواره را در بین ولایات افغانستان دارد چنانچه بیش از ۲۵ هزار نفر از این ولایت آواره شده‌اند. ولایت ننگرهار در شرق افغانستان در رده دوم قرار دارد و بیش از ۲۵۳۰۰ نفر از این ولایت در سال جاری آواره‌شده‌اند. همچنین ولایت بغلان بیش از ۱۶ هزار آواره دارد.

در همین حال وزارت امور مهاجرین و عودت کنندگان می‌گوید حدود ۱۸۰ هزار تن در سال جاری خورشیدی از خانه‌های شان بیجا شده‌اند. حفیظ الله میاخیل سخنگوی وزارت مهاجرین به دویچه وله گفت علاوه بر کمک به بیجا شدگان، این وزارت تلاش دارد تا آواره‌های جنگ دوباره به خانه‌های شان برگردند: «وزارت مهاجرین و موسسات کمک کننده برسر ادغام مجدد بیجا شدگان کار می‌کند تا در مناطق اصلی شان زمینه زندگی آن‌ها فراهم شود.»

براساس گزارش ملل متحد، تنها از ولسوالی نجراب کاپیسا در نزدیکی کابل ۲۹۰۰ تن به دلیل جنگ مجبور شده‌اند از خانه‌های شان فرار کنند و به مناطق‌امن‌تر بروند. هفته گذشته بیش از ۲۰۰ تن از ولسوالی دوشی ولایت بغلان مجبور به فرار شده‌اند. براساس این گزارش ۱۱۵۰۰ نفر  به ولایات مرکزی افغانستان به شمول کابل و ولایات اطراف آن‌بیجا شده‌اند.

گزارش نشان می‌دهد که ۳۲۰۰ نفر اخیرا از قریه میرزاولنگ ولسوالی صیاد ولایت سرپل به دلیل ترس از جنگ و کشتار فرار کرده و به مرکز ولایت سرپل پناه برده‌اند. براساس این گزارش ۷۳۰۰ تن از ولایت بغلان، ۴۲۰۰ تن از ولایت جوزجان و ۵۰۰۰ تن از ولایت کندز بیجا شده‌اند. - More

ملل متحد: ۱۹۳ هزار افغان در سال جاری آواره شده‌اند | آلمان و جهان

کمیسیون حقوق بشر: کودکان افغان با انواع خشونت روبرو اند | افغانستان ...

Monday, August 14, 2017

India's partition and 70 years of proxy jihad - DW

The use of proxy jihadis in the Indian sub-continent is as old as India and Pakistan's independence from British rule. 70 years after partition, the jihadist network has become so huge that it threatens both states.

In a recent interview with DW, Pakistani politician Imran Khan argued that the US intervention in Afghanistan is the main reason behind the rise of jihadi phenomenon in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Khan is only partly correct. The US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the Pakistani military's spy group, the ISI, collaborated closely in Afghanistan to defeat Soviet forces in the 1980s. Washington and Islamabad invested heavily in Afghan mujahideen (Afghan "holy warriors") and provided them militaristic and logistic support to fight the Moscow-backed government in Kabul. From the point of view of the US and Pakistan, it was a successful campaign. The mujahideen forced Soviet troops to retreat and were able to take control of the Afghan capital, Kabul. But what Khan and many others, who associate Afghan jihad with the Cold War's US-Soviet rivalry, gloss over is the fact that Pakistan's support for jihadis began as early as the country's independence in 1947. Analysts say it spiked in the 1950s and peaked in the late 1970s and the early 1980s. - Read More

India′s partition and 70 years of proxy jihad | Asia | DW | 14.08.2017

Opinion: The anniversary of hatred | Opinion | DW | 14.08.2017

German parliament passes tighter asylum laws

German lawmakers have passed a series of laws concerning the deportation, monitoring and access to personal data of asylum seekers. The new legislation has been met with sharp criticism.

German authorities will be allowed to deport rejected asylum seekers more quickly and regularly under a series of new asylum laws passed on Thursday.

The Bundestag said the new laws would guarantee "the improved enforcement of deportation rulings." Rejected asylum seekers deemed to be a security threat will be deported faster or monitored with an electronic ankle bracelet.

Deportation orders against rejected asylum seekers can now be imposed even without assurance that the person in question would be repatriated within three months. A migrant could therefore be issued a deportation order even if the country origin fails to provide the necessary documentation or passport papers. This law was among the key new regulations for the German government, after the Berlin Christmas market attacker, Anis Amri, saw his deportation order waived when the Tunisian government couldn't provide the necessary papers.

Authorities, meanwhile, will also be allowed to detain individuals suspected to be a threat to security for a maximum of 10 days, rather than the previous limit of four days.

Another new piece of legislation allows Germany's Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) to access asylum seekers' personal electronic devices in order to verify the identities of those without official identification papers.

Any migrant found to have given a false identity upon entering Germany will see their freedom of movement strictly limited. The same penalty would also apply to migrants without the right to remain in Germany, but who nevertheless refuse to leave on their own volition.

German authorities would also instruct asylum seekers deemed to have few prospects in the country to remain in reception centers until their asylum procedures have been completed.

Germany's federal and 16 state governments had already agreed to the new asylum laws back in February. However, on Wednesday the ruling coalition government, made up of Chancellor Angela Merkel's Christian Democrats (CDU) and the Social Democratic Party (SPD), introduced a number of stricter laws to the draft bill. - Read More, DW

German parliament passes tighter asylum laws | News | DW | 19.05.2017